Recent Posts in Blogs & Updates Category

  • Unleashing Your Brain's Full Potential

    || 3-Oct-2022

    Want to reach your full potential with any skill and in any field of human endeavor? Practice, practice, practice. Whether considering sports, musical instruments, or academic lessons in the classroom, most people believe that getting better at anything requires practice. The overwhelming majority of people are aware of the concepts of practicing to train a craft or practicing to train your ...
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  • Cannabis for Chronic Pain

    || 19-Sep-2022

    Chronic pain, in and of itself, is considered an often intractable condition that millions of Americans suffer from every year. Chronic pain generally refers to persistent pain experienced by a person for 3 months or longer. It is often debilitating, frustrating, and depression-inducing for the person suffering it. So, when "treatments" come along that have the potential to provide ...
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  • The Impact of Sleep on a Developing Brain

    || 1-Sep-2022

    Especially for students in America, the culmination of Labor Day Weekend usually marks the unofficial end of summer, even if the calendar says we have until late September before the fall season begins. With school likely back in session for most students in the United States, parents everywhere may be faced with groggy, sleepy-eyed kiddos whose morning wake-up calls were probably much later ...
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  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in Athletes

    || 17-Aug-2022

    Thoracic outlet syndrome is a condition that was brought into the national spotlight by high-profile professional athletes who suffered from its initial debilitating effects. Whether it’s a basketball player unable to accurately shoot a jumper or a pitcher unable to spot a fastball, thoracic outlet syndrome, or TOS, can wreak havoc on both the body and mind. While TOS may initially appear to ...
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  • Stress, Your Brain, and the 'Goldilocks Principle'

    || 3-Aug-2022

    The concept of stress – essentially defined as the body’s reaction when under pressure or threat – has long been studied and known to impact overall health. The difficulty in determining how much stress is too much on a body and a brain resides mainly in an individual's circumstances – their age, socioeconomic status, genetics, psychosocial resources like healthy ...
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  • The Brain Training Game

    || 1-Aug-2022

    Crossword puzzles alone won’t give your brain what it needs for optimal health across the lifespan. Today, an Internet search of "brain training" will yield results that almost entirely include websites, apps, or subscriptions for stationary activities such as crosswords, Sudoku, jigsaw puzzles, or the latest rage – Wordle – an online and social media-based word game. ...
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  • Adequate Sleep - A "Major League" Challenge for Baseball Players

    || 6-Jul-2022

    A lack of quality sleep has a negative impact on performance. After an Opening Day delay, the 2022 Major League Baseball Season is now in full swing, to the delight of many. I recently came across the jam-packed travel schedule for most MLB teams. Doing so has caused this sports neurologist to consider again the significant implications of an inconsistent sleep schedule on neurological and ...
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  • 4 Ways to Destroy Your Dementia Risk

    || 13-Jun-2022

    No matter your age, there is plenty YOU can do to protect your brain health – across your lifespan. My passion and sub-specialty as a sports neurologist have led me down some fantastic and exciting paths when it comes to helping people harness the brain's power to help them achieve optimal performance – whether it's on a sports field, in a classroom, or a boardroom. Yet my ...
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  • Is cannabis a good choice for treating chronic pain? That’s a question shared by doctors, researchers, and people living with chronic pain. But it’s a surprisingly difficult one to answer. A recent review of cannabis products in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine looked at the existing body of knowledge related to this question. And the answer? We just don’t have enough ...
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  • The Mind-Muscle Cycle

    || 1-Jun-2022

    How can attentional focus improve athletic performance? It’s that time of year again – when many people choose a stronger focus on exercise or physical fitness as their New Year’s resolution. In terms of overall body and neurological health, I wholeheartedly endorse such athletic performance goals. However, as many of us have also likely experienced, keeping New Year’s ...
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  • 5 Spring Cleaning Tips for Your Brain

    || 29-Apr-2022

    Cognitive “clutter” is real, but there are simple ways to help keep your brain space neat and tidy. Especially as we age, a “cluttered” brain can lead to unnecessary cognitive decline. For some people, a busy memory scape can increase creativity. But for most, all that brain noise comes at a cost and can propagate forgetfulness and other cognitive disorders the older we ...
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  • Dehydration - A Headache for Many Americans

    || 10-Feb-2022

    Hydration has a significant impact on brain health over the course of a lifetime. Mainstream news media reports and citations from some physicians indicate that chronic dehydration might be as high as 75 percent in the American population. The notion that up to three-quarters of the people in our country aren't adequately hydrated is disturbing, but not shocking. The act of drinking enough ...
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  • Exercise has long been known and frequently touted as beneficial to your waistline and your heart health. Yet, in more recent years, the benefits of exercise on the brain and mental health have become a more mainstream topic of conversation. Still, many people may not understand why those brain benefits of physical activity are so remarkable and profound. The neurological science behind the scenes ...
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  • Exploring and Enhancing the Gut-Brain Connection

    || 3-Dec-2021

    Research suggests the health of the gut biome as a conduit to optimal brain health. I'm a neurologist, a sports neurologist, but certainly not a gastroenterologist, so it may seem strange, on the surface, that I'd write an article about gut health. However, there is increasing clinical evidence to suggest (if not yet prove) that our intestinal health may have a significant influence on our ...
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  • The Risk of Concussion Doesn't Discriminate...

    || 2-Nov-2021

    But the opportunity to recognize one and intervene early isn’t always readily available to Black athletes. A recent study published in the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation (JHTR) found that among college athletes, concussion-related symptoms were recognized less by Black athletes than their White counterparts. Medically speaking, concussions don't discriminate. They can affect ...
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  • Anyone who suffers from it can attest that overcoming chronic pain often takes nothing short of a heroic effort. I was encouraged recently to see the subject of pain be reintroduced to the national spotlight during the 2021 Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Ceremony for former Detroit Lions wide receiver Calvin Johnson. Throughout his nine years in the NFL, Mr. Johnson revealed that he ...
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  • Why Strict Rest Is No Longer Recommended After Sports-Related Concussion

    || 30-Sep-2021

    As the science surrounding concussion evolves, so must the medical care for patients. All concussions are serious. Yet balancing what we know about concussion, neurological function, and brain health with what we don’t know can sometimes be a tightrope walk for a sports neurologist. With the science of concussion evolving rapidly, there is no single, universally accepted consensus definition ...
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  • Exercise, Sleep, and The Glymphatic System

    || 18-Aug-2021

    How can we enlist these three fantastic factors for optimized brain health? The human body is a scientific marvel of systems and functions, all designed to work together in making the healthiest ‘you’ possible. The catchy “Dry Bones” song many of us learned as kids, in which the lyrics feature one bone in the body connecting to another, can apply to so much more than just ...
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  • Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Future Neurological Health

    || 2-Aug-2021

    ACEs are common and future health risk increases with repeated exposure. One biological marvel of the human brain is that it is an adaptable organ, able to alter its structure based on life experiences. Because childhood is a time when rapid and significant development occurs – walking and talking, for example – the brain is susceptible to events that occur during this critical ...
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  • The Importance of Sleep for the Healthy and the Injured Brain

    || 30-Jun-2021

    New research suggests quality sleep has a healing effect on TBI. As a sports neurologist and pain medicine specialist, I have tremendous respect for the positive impact of quality sleep on Neurologic health across the lifespan. Whether it's training for the next game, recovering from injury, or healthy lifestyle maintenance, good sleep is imperative for everyone. Recently, I came across even ...
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  • Pain, Placebo, Nocebo and the Brain

    || 30-Jun-2021

    Placebos have been used for centuries in medicine, both inside of clinical research studies and out. Interestingly, the word placebo was medically defined in the early 1800s as “any medicine adapted more to please than to benefit the patient.” Although this definition implies deception on the part of the clinician, that isn’t the intent at all today. Thus, the description has ...
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  • Concussion Considerations for Athletes with Neurologic Conditions

    || 1-Apr-2021

    Concussions can happen to anyone; but those with underlying conditions may be at greater risk. As a sports neurologist, I can say with confidence that the sports neurology community knows much more about the phenomenon of concussion today than we did even just a decade ago. However, I can also admit that we have much more to learn. I understand that the unknown can be unnerving to athletes or ...
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  • THE “GLADIATOR” mentality throughout sports history has been widely celebrated and glorified. For avid sports fans such as myself, we can remember those seemingly impossible performances by such revered modern-day warriors as the late, great Kobe Bryant, shooting and making two free throws after tearing his Achilles. While every performance and memory is unique, we've all likely ...
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  • IT'S ESTIMATED THAT less than half of all people who experience migraine headaches are aware of their diagnosis. In other words, tens of millions of people have headaches that meet the clinical criteria for migraine, yet they're unaware that a migraine headache is a type from which they suffer. Often, people misclassify and misattribute their migraine headaches to a different cause. Many ...
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  • Pandemic Like an Athlete

    || 15-Mar-2021

    The techniques that elite athletes use to overcome adversity can be harnessed by anyone. We're heading into the waist-deep snow of a pandemic winter. For many, it is cold, dark, and dreary. By now, most of the earth's human population has been affected by COVID-19 in ways large and small. Some have sacrificed life. Some have experienced job-loss, relationship strains, and health setbacks. ...
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